An indigenous species, specifically of the UAE, Oman and Saudi Arabia, the Ghaf is a drought – tolerant, evergreen tree which is, possibly, the sturdiest plant of the harsh desert environment In the UAE, it can be seen growing on low sand dunes, undulating sand sheets and along margins of gravel plains mostly in the emirates of Abu Dhabi, Dubai, … Read More

During long, dry periods, when much of the ground vegetation is dormant, the Ghaf (Prosopis cineraria) spreads out its lush canopy often laden with flower and fruit. This tree is one great survivor! Fierce temperatures, searing winds, high rates of water loss…the Ghaf tolerates them all. A multipurpose tree of arid lands that is considered a solution to desertification, the … Read More

Flowers, fruits, leaves, bark, branches and roots of Ghaf – all provide resources and habitat for a variety of native fauna and flora, making the tree a keystone species; one that plays such an integral part of the food chain in an ecosystem, that if it disappeared, it would cause the ultimate extinction of other species in that system. Many … Read More

The greatest danger to Ghaf is from browsing by camels and goats; and intensive lopping to provide forage especially during summer. In some places degradation is so intense that Ghaf regeneration has been totally eliminated. Moreover, as urban spread and infrastructure develops rapidly, Ghaf trees often bear the brunt. Excessive groundwater extraction is another threat. The effect of groundwater withdrawal … Read More

For the UAE, an accelerating decline in Ghaf trees and woodlands implies a loss in cultural and biological heritage. Goumbook wants to preserve its aesthetical, cultural and ecological significance and lead its conservation to undertake a public awareness drive aimed at protecting the wild Ghaf. To help save the species, Goumbook and its local partners have launched the “Give a … Read More

The Ghaf tree, which scientific name is Prosopis Cineraria, is a small to medium-sized thorny tree, with slender branches armed with conical thorns and with light bluish-green foliage. The leaflets are dark green with thin casting of light shade. The tree is evergreen or nearly so and produces new flush leaves before summer. The flowers, small in size and yellow … Read More

Prosopis Cineraria inhabits dry, arid areas where annual rainfall averages less than 500 mm (20 in). Rainfall shows considerable variation in the most important areas of its distribution, ranging from 100 to 600 mm (3.9 to 24 in) annually, with a long dry season. In areas of its natural distribution, the climate is characterized by extremes of temperature. Summers are … Read More

Prosopis Cineraria provides wood for use in construction. It is used for house-building, chiefly as rafters, posts scantlings, doors and windows, and for well construction water pipes, upright posts of Persian wheels, agricultural implements and shafts, spokes, fellows and yokes of carts. It can also be used for small turning work and tool-handles. Container manufacturing is another important wood-based industry, … Read More

Prosopis Cineraria has a very deep taproot system and hence it does not generally compete with the associated crops. The improved physical soil conditions compared with higher availability of nutrients under the Khejri canopy explain the better growth of the crops associated with it. Rural communities encourage the growth of Prosopis cineraria in their agricultural fields, pastures and village community … Read More

Prosopis Cineraria flower is pounded, mixed with sugar and used during pregnancy as safeguard against miscarriage. Water-soluble extract of the residue from methanol extract of the stem bark exhibits anti-inflammatory properties. Prosopis Cineraria plant produces gum, which is obtained during May and June. The bark of the tree is dry, acrid, bitter with a sharp taste; cooling anthelmintic; tonic, cures … Read More

When Goumbook started the Give a Ghaf Tree Planting Program, we wanted to source the seeds locally and to be able to plant them in a protected area where the plants could grow safely. The Environment & Protected Areas Authority (EPAA) in Sharjah, who’s former General Director is part of Goumbook’s Advisory Board, aims to protect the environment, the wildlife … Read More